The Battle of Zonchio (Navarino), 1499,
woodcut coloured using stencils


A larger image of The Battle of Zonchio (Navarino) between Ottoman Turks and Venetians, 1499

Produced in Italy, around AD 1499. Held by the British Museum

The battle shown here was fought in August 1499 off Zonchio, north of Navarino (Peloponnese). The combatants were a Turkish vessel commanded by Kemal Ali (shown standing on the deck of his ship), and two Venetian vessels commanded by Antonio Loredan and Albano d'Armer. The Turks were victorious; Loredan was killed when his ship was burnt, and Armer was taken as a prisoner to Istanbul, where he was sawn into pieces on the order of Bajazet II. This is possibly the first print of an actual naval battle.

It shows 6 composite bows and 3 handguns amongst the Venetian seamen, but only 2 crossbows.


Ottoman infantry from Armies of the Middle Ages, Volume 2 by Ian Heath, based on The Naval Battle of Zonchio (Navarino)
An Ottoman Handgunner in Armies of the Middle Ages, Volume 2 by Ian Heath, based on The Naval Battle of Zonchio (Navarino)

Other Illustrations of Ottoman Janissaries (Janizary, Yeniceri)
Venetian Foot Soldiers in Armies of the Middle Ages, Volume 2 by Ian Heath
Illustrations of Ottoman Costume & Soldiers
Italian Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers
Index of Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers




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