Images of the Legend of Saint Ladislaus of the 14th & 15th Centuries

King Ladislaus I of Hungary won the battle of Kerlés with the Pechenegs in 1093, but the legend has him fighting with a Kuns - a Cuman.
The sequence of the events portrayed is generally similar all over the churches in medieval Hungary.
* Saint Ladislaus riding his horse on the battlefield catches sight of a pagan warrior holding a Hungarian girl on his saddle.
* Saint Ladislaus pursues him.
* Saint Ladislaus could not catch up to him.
* Saint Ladislaus shouts to the girl: "Catch hold of the pagan at his belt and jump to the ground!"
* The girl does so, and the two warriors, the king and the pagan, begin wrestling.
* Saint Ladislaus can not subdue him, therefore the girl helps the king. She cuts the pagan's Achilles tendon.
* Saint Ladislaus beheads the pagan with the help of the girl.
* In the last scene Saint Ladislaus is resting in the arms of the girl.
Mural in the Székelyderzs (Dârjiu) Unitarian Church, Romania. Painted in 1419 by Ungi István fia, Pál mester (Stephen Ung, son of Master Paul).
Larger image of the left. Larger image of the centre. Larger image of the right. Larger image of the far right.


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Fresco of the Velka Lomnica (Kakaslomnic) church, Slovakia, around 1317.


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Fresco of the Catholic church of Gelence (Ghelinďa), Románia, early 14th century


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Anjou Legendarium, Vatican Library, c.1330


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Fresco of the Türje church, western Hungary, middle of the 14th century


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Church of Maksa, Romania, middle of the 14th century


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Church of Székelydálya (Daia), Transylvania, 14th century


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Képes Krónika, 1360


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Unitarian Church of Sepsikilyén (Chilieni), Transylvania, second half of the 14th century


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Unitarian Church of Homoródkarácsonyfalva / Craeciunel / Krötschendorf, Romania, c.14th century


The Saint Ladislaus legend in Andreaskirche, Liptovský Ondrej, Slovakia, 1370-1380


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Church of Rimavska Bana (Rimabánya), Slovakia, after 1375


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Church of Bántornya (Turnišče), Slovenia, 1383


The Saint Ladislaus legend in All Saints' Roman Catholic Church of Bijacovce (Szepesmindszent), Slovakia, the 2nd half of the 14th or 1st quarter of the 15th century


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Fresco of the Tereske church, northern Hungary, turn of the 14th-15th centuries


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Fresco of the Bibarcfalva (Biborteni) church, Romania, early 15th century


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Register of Hungarian Students in Vienna, 1453


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Póniky (Pónik) Roman Catholic Church, Slovakia, c.1478.


The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Chronicle of Johannes de Thurocz (Thuróczy János), 1488


Paintings and drawings based on the above:
Cuman warrior, 13th century by Angus McBride from Mounted Archers of the Steppe 600 BC - AD 1300 by A.Karasulas
Cuman Mercenary c1300 by Angus McBride from Byzantine Armies 1118-1461 AD by Ian Heath
Cuman Mercenary 14th Century from Byzantine Armies 1118-1461 AD by Ian Heath
Cuman, 12th-13th centuries from Armies of Feudal Europe 1066-1300 by Ian Heath
Hungarian Knight, 13th century from Armies of Feudal Europe 1066-1300 by Ian Heath
and Cuman Cavalryman in an extract from Armies and Enemies of the Crusades 1096-1291 by Ian Heath




See also: Chronica de Gestis Hungarorum of Mark Kálti or Képes Krónika, Hungary, c.1360
Effigy of Garai Miklós, in the armour of a Hungarian Knight, 1380-85
Other illustrations of Hungarian Costume & Soldiers

Index of Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers




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