Illustrations from

Kitāb al-mawālīd


The Demon Zauba'a
with mace

Negroes in Taurus,
Leo, Libra & Pisces

Negroes in phases
of the moon

Armoured Cavalry



Sagittarius



Armoured cavalry on foot in Aries
Armoured cavalry on foot in Gemini
Armoured cavalry in Scorpio
Negroes with axe & armoured cavalry with ventail in Capricorn
Negroes in Aquarius

Title: Book of nativities, attributed to Abu Maʿschar
Author of text: Abū Maʿšar al-Balḥī, Ğaʿfar ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar (0805?-0886).
Publication Date: 1300
Subject: Astrology
Type: manuscript
Language: Arabic
Format: Many coloured drawings, the first four represent Satan and other demons. - Paper. - 37 sheets. - Height, 36 inches; width 26 and a half centimeters. About 27 lines per page.
Source: Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, Arabe 2583
Description: Kitab al-mawālīd
Description: The drawings show the figures of the zodiac signs, the phases of the moon personified, and other bizarre pictures. The first pages are missing. The last two pages, more modern than the rest of the ms., are dated to the year 700 AH (1300 AD).

Drawn by the painter Qanbar ‛Alī Shīrāzī about the middle of the 13th century p71 Painting in Islam, A Study of the Place of Pictorial Art in Muslim Culture By Thomas Arnold



Referenced as figure 651 in The military technology of classical Islam by D Nicolle
651. Manuscript, Astrology of Abū Maʿshar al Balkhī, early 14th century AD , Egyptian (?), Bib. Nat., Ms. Ar. 2583, Paris. (Hal).


Reference: David Pingree, “Abu Masar,” Encyclopædia Iranica, I/4, pp. 337-340



Other 13th century illustrations of Costume & Soldiers













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