E3: Daylami Infantryman, early 11th century
The javelin-armed infantry from Daylam, south of the Caspian Sea, were the most successful
Muslim foot-soldiers of their day, yet their defensive equipment was even then considered inadequate.
Primarily they relied on a large, brightly-painted shield which was usually larger than shown here, plus their heavy zhupin javelins.
(Plate from Nishapur, Oriental Art Museum Rome;. 'Book of Fixed Stars', Bodleian Library, Oxford.)
Source: MAA - 125 - The Armies of Islam 7th-11th Centuries by David Nicolle & Angus McBride.
A Daylami Tribesman in Armies of the Dark Ages 600-1066 by Ian Heath
Back to 'Book of Fixed Stars' (Kitāb suwar al-kawākib al-ṯābita) by ‛Abd al-Rahman ibn ‛Umar al-Ṣūfī dated 1009-10 (Bodleian Library, Oxford, manuscript Marsh 144).
Back to a 10th century plate excavated at Nishapur, Khurasan.